Background

Participants of the Kick-off meeting (© RSAG)

The project ELMOS - has been approved by the Steering Committee of the South Baltic Programme on 5 Oct 2011.

Electric mobility offers new opportunities for everyday transport. Urban areas are predestined to become catalysts for its invention and are on the forefront of the development. Here, charging infrastructure could be provided at short notice and travel distances comfortably coped with the present electric vehicles, which allow only limited operating ranges. 

As part of national initiatives, a vast number of model regions were launched, mostly in larger European cities outside South Baltic Area. First encouraging experiences from these pilots were published. They show that electric mobility can be implemented in urban areas by the current state of electric technologies. 

As soon as the approaches have been validated and concrete recommendations for transfer are available, it can be expected that electric mobility becomes a regular part of urban transport. Therefore it appears as high time for the small & medium sized cities in the South Baltic Area to set the course for the transition into a new era of urban transport and making the most of new opportunities that arise. 

An aspect often overseen in this context is that electric mobility can provoke much more than just a switch from conventional to electric modes of transport. It offers also opportunities for complementing public transport services in attractive ways by combining them with different kinds of electric mobility offers (Pedelec, eBike, etc.). The foreseeable event of a paradigm change therefore can induce even more fundamental changes in the mobility behaviour of the urban population, namely the promotion of a shift to intermodal & public transport in the same course. Thus not only CO2 emissions can be decreased, but also other challenges forsustainable urban transport addressed (e.g. growing surface sealing). 

A prerequisite is that the invention of electric mobility is embedded into integrated urban transport concepts that make the most of the new electric mobility opportunities in terms of complementing and extending (public) transport chains and services in cities & towns. Natural driving forces for such strategies are local authorities and esp. their public transport providers. They have both a genuine interest in implementing such approaches as well as the infrastructure and resources available for putting the concepts into practice on a short-term.